Hi there you are listening to Adept English
and this is a listen and learn podcast. My name is Hilary and I created this listen and
learn method to help you speak English fluently. It’s much more enjoyable if you learn English
in the way that your brain naturally wants to learn. I live in the United Kingdom. I’m
a native English speaker. And I love helping the hundred thousand students who listen to
us every month. Every week we give you two English lessons in the form of podcasts. So
listen to Adept English. You’ll be on your way to speaking fluent English in no time. Hi there and welcome to this latest podcast
from Adept English. I hope your English language learning is going well. Maybe this summer,
you’ll get some practice because you’re visiting a different country and there will
be opportunity to use English to communicate? Great, if you get that practice. And if you
don’t, well just make sure that you’ve got some Adept English to listen to, wherever
you are. So thinking about summer travel, what about
a lesson on words associated with travel today? One of the ways in which English is hard is
that there are so many words which have the same meaning. Or rather almost the same meaning
– perhaps I should say a similar meaning. ‘Similar’ means ‘almost the same’.
But there are subtle differences in how we use the words. Take for instance the words
travel, trip, journey, voyage and cruise. So you’re probably familiar with the word
‘travel’, T-R-A-V-E-L? So there’s the verb ‘to travel’ and there’s the noun
‘travel’. The noun travel is one of those ‘uncountable nouns’ – nouns you can’t
count. It’s like water or air, or sand, or oxygen. We use the word travel as though
you’re talking about a substance. You wouldn’t say ‘two waters’ or ‘an oxygen’. And
travel is the same. So you might say ‘I enjoy travel’ or ‘travel broadens the
mind’. So we tend to use the word travel to refer
generally to when we move around geographically. So as a verb, we ‘travel to and from work’
or ‘we like travelling to different countries’. Or as a noun, ‘My travel with my job is
mainly in the UK’. Or ‘travel is more difficult in London with a baby’. So it’s
a very general term. If you use the word ‘trip’, T-R-I-P, it
means something slightly different. Unlike travel, it is a ‘countable noun’, so you
can say ‘I took two trips last summer’. There is a verb ‘to trip’, but that means
something different. If you trip on the stairs, it means you catch your foot and you possibly
fall down – not the same meaning at all. But as a noun, ‘a trip’ usually means
the whole experience of going somewhere, doing something and then coming back. That’s a
trip. So for example, I did a podcast recently on our trip to Legoland – we travelled there,
we went round and we came back. You might talk about ‘a trip to the cinema’ or ‘a
trip to India’ – so it can be minor or major trip! And the word trip is usually associated
with pleasure. You’re ‘having a jolly’ as we say. You go on a trip to enjoy yourself. So what about ‘journey’, J-O-U-R-N-E-Y?
Journey on the other hand means a single instance of a moving from one place to another. And
it’s not necessarily for pleasure. A journey can be any mode of transport, on foot, or
by car, where you drive from London to Manchester. If you’re doing that, heaven help you on
the M6! It could be a train journey of several hundred miles or a journey by tube of just
one stop. A journey is a single movement from one place to another. So ‘journey’ can
be used in a mundane, ‘every day’ sort of way e.g. ‘My train journey to work was
disrupted by cows on the line!’. Or ‘The journey from Portsmouth to Southampton takes
45 minutes’. There is also a verb ‘to journey’, so
you could say ‘I journey to work on the tube every day’, but that’s quite formal.
People are more likely to say ‘I go on the tube’ or ‘I use the tube every day’.
‘I journey’ makes it sound more like a biblical journey! So journey can be used in
the grander way, or to mean a philosophical journey. We are all ‘on our individual journeys
through life’, you might say! So it could be a ‘spiritual journey’ or a ‘learning
journey’ perhaps. In a sense, you’re on an English language learning journey. So it’s
used in an abstract way too. Journeys can have a known end point, a known destination.
Or you may not know where your journey will take you. Think about the hobbits in the Lord
of the Rings – it’s a long journey and you don’t know where it’s going to end
up! Just pausing there to remind you to have a
look at our Adept English course pages, if you haven’t done this already. If you would
like to hear English conversation, but with its meaning explained in detail, made easy
for you to understand, then our Course One: Activate your Listening does just this. It’ll
help your fluency even more than the podcasts. You can buy it and download it straight away.
And there is over 5 hours listening time – so it will really help you progress! What about the word ‘voyage’? Strange
spelling here – it’s V-O-Y-A-G-E. Well, a voyage is a big journey, usually by sea.
And there is a noun ‘a voyage’ or a verb ‘to voyage’. And again, like some uses
of ‘journey’, a voyage can be used to mean something epic or grand, maybe a bit
heroic – say like Odysseus in Homer’s Odyssey – that’s a voyage. Or we might
say ‘Titanic on her maiden voyage’. A ‘maiden voyage’ means the first ever voyage.
If you’re not making a long journey by sea, then the only other time that you might use
the word ‘voyage’, is for space travel. ‘These are the voyages of the starship Enterprize’
– you might know that sentence if you like Startrek! What about the word ‘cruise’, ‘C-R-U-I-S-E’?
Well, a cruise usually means holiday travel because if you cruise, it implies a trip that
you’re taking for pleasure. If you cruise, you’re moving, but you’re not going top
speed, you’re not in a hurry. So the word ‘cruise’ is usually associated with going
on a big ship, a cruise liner. There’s the noun ‘a cruise’ and the verb ‘to cruise’.
So you might ‘cruise the Adriatic’ or ‘cruise the Norwegian Fjords’. A cruise
usually means going by boat, for pleasure. So a cruise may last a number of days and
you sleep on board the boat or the ship. Or a cruise could mean a trip in the afternoon,
when you’re on holiday, you cruise along the coast, taking in the sights. Two other places where you might hear ‘cruise’.
One of them is if you’re on a plane. Your pilot might say ‘And we’re going to be
cruising at an altitude of 32,000 feet’. ‘Altitude’ just means ‘height’. ‘To
cruise’ is not the way normal passengers would talk about being on a plane. Most people
would say ‘I’m flying’ or ‘I’m taking a flight’. Only pilots say ‘cruising’.
The other time when you might use this verb is if you’re in your car and you have ‘cruise
control’. This means that you can set the speed of the car – it just stays driving
at the set speed. That’s called ‘cruise control’. Anyway, I hope that this helps your understanding
of the differences between these words. So travel, journey, trip, voyage, cruise – and
I guess I added ‘flying’ and ‘flight’ in there, right at the end. Enough for now.
Have a lovely day. Speak to you again soon. Goodbye. That’s the end of this podcast. Don’t forget
to visit our website for other podcasts. You can sign up for our free seven day course.
And if you’re really serious about learning English course one is ready for you to buy
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