Bloom’s Taxonomy: Structuring The Learning Journey

Bloom’s Taxonomy is a toolbox that
teachers or students can use to classify and organize learning objectives. It’s
most popular version is based on the cognitive domain and assumes that
learning should be structured from easy to difficult in the following six steps:
One: remember. Two: understand. Three: apply. Four: analyze. Five evaluate. Six: create On
the first level we learn to remember. There is just rote memorization and
recollection of facts without much understanding, for example if we learn
about lemons we want to remember the name, shape, color, size and that they are
sour once we memorise these essentially
meaningless facts we move to the second level of learning. On level two we learn
to understand. We begin to decode information and learn that a lemon is
yellow when it’s ripe to eat and if we take a bite that it’s really super sour,
we also understand that lemons love sunshine and that they contain lots of
vitamin C which is a great natural antioxidant that keeps us healthy. Now as
we really understand a lemon we can work with it. On the third level we apply what
we know. We’ve understood that while lemons are sour they are also a great
provider of vitamin C. To apply this knowledge in a meaningful way we could
boil a lemon into hot water and add some honey, then serve this hot lemon to our
sick sister who’s in need of treatment. On the 4th level we learn to analyse,
this involves examining and breaking down information into components
determining how the parts relate to one another and finding evidence to support
generalisations. We study the lemon flesh, examine the skin and look at levels of
vitamins. We conclude that we can eat everything inside while the skin tastes
bitter and contains traces of toxic pesticides it ought not to be consumed. Now we are ready to evaluate, we analyse,
critique and compare. To evaluate our lemon as a good source of vitamins we
compare it to other sources such as oranges and supplements. We look at the
following properties: vitamin levels, affordability, taste and packaging waste.
If we evaluate our thoughts critically and without bias we learn where the
lemons score high and where others score higher. Now after we have learned,
understood. applied, analysed and evaluated, we are ready to create. As we
now really understand lemons also in comparison to similar things we can
formulate a plan to create our own natural lemonate. It’s now easy to come
up with a cute shop design a good name and a good slogan: “natural, healthy, yummy” Bloom’s Taxonomy was first created in
1946 by American psychologist Benjamin Bloom. The revised version from 2001, as
just presented, serves as the backbone of many teaching philosophies in particular
those that aim towards teaching specific skills. Each level usually comes with a
clear learning objective that can be tested. Critics of the taxonomy often
questioned the existence of a sequential hierarchical link between each level.
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